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DELHI POLICE CRACKDOWN ON CYBER FRAUDSTERS TARGETING CITIZENS THROUGH RESALE APPS SUCH AS OLX, QUIKR.

September 13, 2020 09:43 PM

The crackdown has been launched as a concerted action to curb cyber crime originating from Nuh,Bharatpur, Mathura Tri-Junction region, using popular e-commerce platformsengaged in sale-resale of goods.,Accused pose as army/paramilitary personnel to gain trust of victims first, Fake Paytm screenshotsar sent to lure the victim into scanning malicious QR code,Ten accused arrested so far, and two juveniles apprehended, SIM cards used in the offence sourced from as far as Barpeta in Assam and Telangana 

New Delhi (Face2News)

With the objective of dismantling the cyber fraud economy flourishing in the tri-junction region of Haryana, Rajasthan and UP, the Cyber Crime Unit/CyPAD, of Delhi Police has started concerted action against its entire ecosystem comprising of callers, moneymules and SIM sellers.

Acting on approximately 300 complaints received onNational Cybercrime Reporting Portal, action has been initiated against theentire fraud chain comprising of callers impersonating as prospective buyers ofsecond hand goods listed on Mobile Apps, account holders in whose Bank Accounts the defrauded money is transferred and SIM sellers who have issued multiple SIMcards on fake and bogus IDs.

The complaints received on the National Portal, had various commonalities, for example, the fraudster(s) impersonating army/ paramilitary personnel, fake e-Wallet transaction screenshots being used, use of malicious QR codes, etc. The complaints also revealed that the fraudsters were using thesame name(s) while impersonating army/paramilitary personnel. This indicated the involvement of a huge gang of cyber criminals targeting unsuspecting persons from across the country. Acccordingly, FIRs were registered aftertaking help from the National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal which made it convenient for the victims to tag the complints with the suspect's fraudulentIDs being used to commit the fraud. The Portal also facilitated an indepthanalysis of the reach and organization of the accused persons as well as theirModus Operandi. 

INVESTIGATION: Given the sensitive nature of the matter, as well as the pan-India reach of the syndicate, a dedicated team comprising of Insp. Parveen, SI Hansraj, SIVijender, SI Ajit, SI Harjit and others was constituted for prompt action. Extensive technical and field investigation was done by the team and the location of the accused was identified. Raids were conducted in the Mewatregion and following ten accused persons were arrested: 

Husban r/o Vill. Bisroo,Distt. Nuh, Haryana Aged 22 Years : He is one of the main bank accountproviders as well as a beneficiary account holder.,Hasib r/o Vill. Bisroo,Distt. Nuh, Haryana Aged 24 Years : He is one of the main bank account providersas well as a beneficiary account holder., Yashvir r/o Ballabhgarh,Faridabad, Haryana Aged 26 Years : He used to activate SIM cards on fakedocuments and sold them to fraudsters., Shezad Khan r/o Vill.Aminabad Fuseta, Distt. Nuh, Haryana Aged 26 Years : He pretends to be an Army/Paramilitary officer to dupe people. He sources fake SIM cards and bankaccounts from others who also get their commission., Salim r/o Vill. Hingota,Deeg, Distt. Bharatpur, Rajasthan Aged 35 Years : He pretends to be an Army/Paramilitary officer to dupe people. He sources fake SIM cards and bankaccounts from others who also get their commission., Aziz Akhtar r/o Vill.Sunhera, Distt. Nuh, Haryana Aged 25 Years :He used to activate SIM cards onfake documents and sold them to fraudsters.,.Sakir r/o Vill.Mundheta, Distt. Nuh, Haryana Aged 29 Years :He is one of the masterminds ofthe syndicate. He pretends to be an Army/Paramilitary officer to dupe people.He sources fake SIM cards and bank accounts from others who also get theircommission.Faisal r/o Vill. KhaikaHathin, Distt. Nuh, Haryana Aged 19 Years :He used to activate SIM cards onfake documents and sold them to fraudsters.Sajid r/o Vill.Mundheta, Distt. Nuh, Haryana Aged 27 Years :He pretends to be anArmy/Paramilitary officer to dupe people. He sources fake SIM cards and bankaccounts from others who also get their commission andSabir r/o Vill. Mundheta, Distt. Nuh, Haryana Aged 25 Years :He pretends to be an Army/Paramilitary officer to dupe people. He sources fake SIM cards and bank accounts from others who also get theircommission.

Additionally, two juveniles, one aresident of Distt. Bharatpur, Rajasthan and the other that of Distt. Nuh,Haryana were also apprehended.  

INTERROGATION AND MODUS OPERANDI:  Anyeshroy, DCP, Cyber Crime Unit, Delhi said, the accused persons are a part of an extensive network that has a pan-India reach. They source SIM cards, for usein the crime, from various states and their victims are spread across thecountry. The accused primarily use two modes to dupe people. In one, the accused pose as army/paramilitary personnel wise posting Advertisements onpopular e-commerce websites for sale of their goods, mostly cars and/or bikes.They even post photograhs of vehicles, mostly taken from the internet, thathave either Indian Army or the name of a Paramilitary force writtten on them.This is done with the intent to first win the trust of the victim. In the nextstep, after the deal is struck with a prospective buyer, they tell them thatthe vehicle in the picture cannot be released or sent to them unless thereleasing charge is paid first, which they claim, is a rule in theArmy/Paramilitary. Once that amount is paid, they coax the victim to pay moremoney on the pretxt of transport and handling charges, GST, etc. After that,they cut all contact with the victim. The money is deposited either in a bankaccount or e-Wallet account.

In the second mode, the accused pose as Army/Paramilitary personnel whilecontacting the seller of any second-hand good on e-commerce sites. This is again done with the intent to win their trust and confidence first. Onceinitial contact is established, they agree to pay the asked price of the saidgood. They tell the victim that the money is being transferred via E-wallet totheir account and send them a fake screenshot generated with the help of aSpoofing App. When the victim complains that they money wasn’t received, they tell him/her that there must be a technical problem an that they would now sendthe money via a QR code that needs to be scanned. The victim, believing theaccused to be a genuine buyer, scans the malicious QR code sent to his/hermobile and the money, instead of getting credited, gets debited from theiraccount.

When the victim complains of this to the accused, they apologise saying that it wasa mistake and then tell the victim that this time they would send the QR code for twice the amount to make up for the money that was "erroneously"transferred from the victim's account. As soon as the victim scans this QR code, the sum (twice the original amount) gets debited from their account thistime. This way, the accused fraudulently induce the victim to scan the maliciousQR codes as many times as possible. After that, they stop responding to thevictim. 

UNIQUE CHARACTERSTICS OF THE CRIME SYNDICATE

  From an analysis of the complaints received on the National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal, it has beenrevealed that the majority of the victims of the syndicate are from Delhi,Haryana, U.P., M.P., Rajasthan, etc. 

During technical analysis and interrogation, it was also revealed that these cyber criminals have alsostarted duping people using other Modus Operandi. For instance, during thelockdown, they started putting advertisements on various social media regardinghome delivery of alcohol. As soon as the victim would contact them, they would urge him/her to make the payment first. Once the money was received, they would stop responding to the victim.

DELHI POLICE ISSUES AWARENESS ADVISORY FOR CITIZENS

*Verify credentials ofbuyer/seller before making or receiving payment.* Buyer/seller showingunreasonable hurry or urgency is a likely fraudster.* Don't click on any linkor scan a QR Code. You may lose money.* Avoid accepting or makingadvance payment. It may be a trap to defraud you.*Fraudsters use fakeidentify proof of national institutions to gain confidence and faith. Beware of any such attempt.

 
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